BWANDA KINYORWE Swahili KANYINYA, kamba, SHIRANDA luhya, EKIGALAMA luganda, PORTULACCA QUADRIFIDA, OLERACEA, LOIRABIRAD, PURSLANE, CHICKENWEED, SAYIKAN.
PURSLANE is a slender, prostrate, annual, succulent herb, its stems are rooting at the nods from each of which grows airing of hairs, leaves are very shortly toothed, and flowers are small, terminal and solitary and contain minutely tubercle seed.
The leaves of purslane contain mucilage and acid potassium oxalate photochemical screening of ethanolic extract yielded alkaloid, saponins, flavanoids, triterpenoids steroids tannins and glycosides. Aqueous extract yielded flovonoids, alkaloids, carbohydrates glycosides, amino acids and saponins.
Parts used are seeds and leaves which are used as vegetables traditionally used as famine food in many African countries as Uganda, Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria, zamia, among others. In the kisumu and derashe areas, when consumed in larger quantities, and for prolonged periods of time, reported to course anemia and body weakness.
It is used to treat skin diseases and diseases of the kidney, bladder, and lungs, the use of seeds and leaves treats asthma, coughs, urinary discharges, hemorrhoids and abdominal complaints in Guam, the plant is used as antiscorbutic, luck of vitamin c hydrotherapy, Zulu’s use this plant infusion as emetic, (okusharara) and convulsion.
The pounded leaves and young stems are mixed with water and the strained off solution mixed with an extract of plactranth us sylindraceus (omuziranfu ninga ereka) in the treatment of gastric ulcers. Leaves are used to cure scalded are swallowed as a cure for toothache. The whole plant is also pounded and applied onto wounds and burns, leaves are cooked and eaten as vegetables to cure for constipation