Tremaorientails: English: charcoal-tree, pigeon wood. Common names : trema, pigeon wood ( Eng.) ,OMUKARA (Runyankore) KASISA (Luganda) MPEHE (Zaramo), OMUSAKARA (Luhya) OMWEZI (Chagga). It has been used extensively in various ways. Aside its used in paper production and in the manufacturing of poles, it has been used for medicinal purposes including the treatment of respiratory, inflammatory, and helminthic diseases. Almost every part of the plant is used as medicine in various parts of Africa. The fruit, leaves, bark, stem, twig and seeds are extensively used in traditional medicine.
The root: The root of T. orientalis plants is used in folk medicine for treatment of trauma, blood stasis, hematuria and bleeding of intestines and stomach.
The stem: The stem bark decoctions are used as vermifuge and anti-dysenteries. The stems and twigs infusion are used to treat fever and toothache. Both stem bark and leaf decoction of the T. orientalis is used to treat malaria, manage pain in tired muscles and aching bones as well as venereal disease. Both, the stem bark and leaf decoctions are used as a gargle, inhalation, drink, vapor bath for relieve of toothache.
The leaf: The leaf of T.orientalis is mixed with leaves of Bidenspilosa (sere), Citrus aurantifolia (oburimawo), and peels of unripe pineapple. It is boiled and the decoction used in the management of jaundice.
The leaves macerated in lemon juice are used as remedy forbronchitis, pneumonia and pleurisy. The leaves macerated in lemon juice are used as remedy for cough. The leaves decoction of T. orientalis plants is also used as an anti-helminthic medicine for roundworms and hookworms in West Africa, East Africa, and some parts of Central Africa and Madagascar.
The fruits and flowers: The fruits and flowers are used to prepare infusion that is administered to children as a therapy for bronchitis, pneumonia and pleurisy.
NOTE: Medicinal plants are a major source of compounds of therapeutic value, and contain different phytochemical compounds resulting in numerous pharmacological activities.
According to a World Health Organization report, about 70-95% of the developing world populations rely on non-conventional medicinal sources, especially plants, for their primary healthcare. The aim of this review is to provide comprehensive information on the botanical description, traditional uses, phytochemical constituents, and pharmacological activities available on the T. orientalis plant.
This review was compiled by Proficient Goodrich Muteguya with information obtained from various search engines and a library search for articles published in peer-reviewed journals. This was done with the view of exploring its therapeutic potential for future research opportunities. For more information visit or contact PROFICIENT GOOD RICH MUTEGUYA; Health Consultant helping people to take charge of their health. ALLELUIA NUTRITIONAL CENTER in God we Trust.