Ludwigia abyssinicais:

OTHER NAMES: Omuzigangole (lukiga),  Onghumbi, Sokomulonga(Luganda) OMUZIGANFIZI (Runyarwanda)

Ludwigia abyssinicais a member of the family Onagraceae which is a flowering plant belonging to the order Myrtales concentrated in the temperate regions but now well distributed in the tropical regions of the world. Ludwigia abyssinica is however, useful as an ornamental plant because of its showy flowers which are mostly yellow in color which makes them to be on sale. Leaves are lanceolate or elliptic, 2-13 cm long, hairless except for some minute hairs on midrib and margin when very young. Flowers in clusters on short, axillary, small-leaved shoots, yellow.Sepals, petals and stamens. Capsule 10-20 mm long, light brown, finely pitted when young, becoming smooth, hairless.  They are predominantly aquatic herbs and shrubs growing in ditches, shallow marshy areas, riverbanks, ponds and slow moving streams. They areserious weeds in rice plantations in many parts of Africa. The seeds of all Ludwigia abyssinica are very rich in oil.Nutrients include carbohydrates, alkaloids, and tannins. Phytochemicals: salt and substitutes.Medical applications include: Roots are used as infusion for treatment of syphilis and for Poulticing pimples while a decoction of it is used in diarrhea, dysentery, flatulence, leucorrhoea and Purgative Vermifuge. Leaves of this plant are used as poultice in wound dressings and as remedy for dysentery. The leaf sap is also taken orally to stave off threatened abortion, flatulence and constipation.

For malaria boil the whole plant and take a bath with its plant fluid mixed with warm water. An infusion of the leaves and stems is taken as a remedy for heart palpitation. It is also poured over the head to stop noises in the head. Roots are used for the treatment of Rheumatism. Root decoction is used for the treatment of hepatic diseases. In Congo and Malawi the leaves are collected from the plant and eaten as cooked vegetable. In Sudan and Congo the plant is used for the production of vegetable salt. The leaves for dressing wounds are eaten to treat abdominal pain. In East Africa the root decoction is used to treat liver diseases and intestinal warms especially in Children and respiratory infections. Cooked leaves and stems provide black liquid that is used for dyeing straw and fibers. In Nigeria is also used traditionally for the treatment of various skin infections,gastrointestinal infections, wounds and bone joint disorder. The crushed leaves are used in colonic irrigation.Leaf-sap is used as Medicines for: pregnancy, antiaborifacients and stomach troubles. This medicinal plant is used for the treatment of all kinds of ailments so this has revealed it to be of value in traditional medicine. Note: little has been said about this herb, but its for educational purposes only.


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