Gisu –Shukuma; Rutoro-Ntareyerungu; Runyoro- Murongo; Luganda-Omunyenye; Rukiga-Omushega,
Ruhororo-Omutatembwa; Rukonzo- Nyakabonde English; East African Satanwood, ,
Botanical name: ZanthoxylumGilletii.
African satinwood is a semi-evergreen tree with an open crown; usually growing from 10 – 35 metres tall though specimens can be as small as 4 metres or up to 40 metres. The straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for up to 15 metres, occasionally for 25 metres.
It is used to treat cough boiled leaf decoction is drunk for the treatment of Oedema in Kwashiorkor.
- The bark of the root is rubbed on the swelling for the same purpose.
- Boiled root decoction is drunk for the treatment of chect pain and creeping disease which goes all the body.
- Bark decoction is drunk for malaria, cough, colds. And dizziness.
- The bark is chewed for toothache. The Masai use the bark as a medicine for small children by adding its juice to milk to give the children better appetite.
- Root or the bark decoction is given to sick goats spatially those suffering from diarrhea or Pneumonia.
- Fruits used for chest pain fever and store throat, leaves used for snake bites.
- Bark decoction used for joints, hemorrhagic septicemia and helminthiansis, in livestock.
- Seeds are broad spectrum herbal medicine.
- The bark is chewed for the treatment of stomach ache, and to alleviate toothache.
- Bark decoction used for joint pain, fever, Rheumatism, venereal diseases, or for washing wounds.
- The bark and roots are used as cough mixture.
- Fruit is used as cough medicine
- The decoction of the bark is drunk to treat Rheumatism.
- Fruit infusion with milk is used for fever, sore throat, Tonsillitis and chest pain.
- Economically, the timber of gillettii, Z. tessmannii, Z lemairei and Z. leprieurii are used (Dalziel, 1937; Oliver-Bever, 1982)in house and boat-building, decorative paneling, joinery, construction of talking drums and in the paper and pulp industry. The roots, bark and leaves of many species are used in various medicinal preparations for curing (Olatunji, 1983; Oliver-Bever, 1982) stomachache, tooth-ache, coughs, urinary and veneral diseases, leprous ulcerations, rheumatism, lumbago etc. They are used as components of antiseptic, antiparasitic and analgesic preparations for managing small pox, syphilis and related disease conditions. Since the root and stem bark of many species are poisonous to some species of water fleas, mice, fish and paramecia, these roots are used as vermifuge, febrifuge and piscicide.
- Perhaps the most popular domestic use to which the roots are put is as chewing stick to clean the mouth. The roots usually give a warm, pungent and benumbing effect on the palate when chewed, and this aromatic warm taste with attendant profuse salivation is believed to be beneficial to the elderly and those with sore gums and other oral disease conditions.
- Rearched by: Proficient Goodrich Muteguya.